Jonathan Bird, Professor
Department of Electrical Engineering, University at Buffalo
Jonathan Bird

Jonathan Bird joined the faculty of the UB Department of Electrical Engineering as Professor in Fall 2004. Prior to this, he obtained his B.Sc. (First-Class Honors) and Ph.D. degrees in Physics from the University of Sussex (United Kingdom), in 1986 and 1990, respectively. He was a JSPS visiting fellow at the University of Tsukuba (Japan) from 1991 - 1992, after which he joined the Frontier Research Program of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN, also in Japan). In 1997, he was appointed as Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Arizona State University, where he spent seven years before joining UB. Prof. Bird's research is in the area of nanoelectronics. He is the co-author of more than 300 peer reviewed publications as well as of undergraduate and graduate textbooks.

Research Overview
Prof. Bird and his doctoral students at UB form the key members of NoMaD - the Nanoelectronic Materials and Devices Research Group - which focuses on research in various areas of nanoelectronics:
Quantum transport in mesoscopic structures. Emphasis is on using mesoscopic devices to investigate novel quantum-transport phenomena (quantum interference, quantum size effects, many-body phenomena), with a strong interest in probing the interface between classical and quantum systems. Prior work has explored manifestations of quantum chaos in open quantum dots, studied the sources of decoherence phenomena, and investigated spontaneous spin polarization in quantum wires. Most recent work has explored quantum fluctuations in disordered mesoscopic graphene, and time-resolved transport in nanodevices.
Investigations of novel nanoelectronic-device paradigms. Some of the activities in this area include the study of nanomagnetoelectronic devices, in which single-domain nanomagnets are integrated with semiconductor nanostructures to achieve multiple functionality (logic & memory), and investigations of tunable solid-state THz detectors.
Characterization of novel nanomaterials. We have been exploring the electrical properties of a variety of nanostructured materials, including epitaxially formed silicide films and nanowires, granular nanowires implemented by focused-beam (electron- & ion-beam) techniques, and single-crystal C-60 nanowhiskers.
NoMaD research has been published in more than 300 peer-reviewed publications that have been cited more than 5000 times with a corresponding h-index = 35 and an i10-index = 117 (source: Google Scholar). Prof. Bird is also the co-author of an undergraduate textbook (Electronic Materials and Devices, with D. K. Ferry, Academic Press, 2001), the editor of a research monograph (Electron Transport in Quantum Dots, Kluwer-Academic, 2003), and a co-author of the second edition of Transport in Nanostructures (with D. K. Ferry & S. M. Goodnick, Cambridge University Press, 2009).
Brief Biosketch
Education & Appointments
1986 - 1990: B.Sc., Physics, University of Sussex, UK
1986 - 1990: D.Phil., Physics, University of Sussex, UK
1991 - 1992: Research Fellow, University of Tsukuba, Japan
1992 - 1997: Researcher, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Japan
1997 - 2004: Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Arizona State University
2004 - Present: Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, University at Buffalo
2005 - Present: Adjunct Professor, Department of Physics, University at Buffalo
2008 - Present: Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University, Japan
Sponsored Research Summary
More than $15M of funding (as PI or co-PI) since 1997, from various federal agencies (NSF, DoE, DoD)
Currently funded by AFOSR, DoE, NSF & SRC
Supervised more than twenty PhDs to graduation, currently advising five PhD students
Membership of Professional Societies
Fellow: Institute of Physics (2002)
Senior Member: IEEE (2002)
Member: American Physical Society

Honors and Awards
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Visiting Research Fellow (1991)
Fellow: Institute of Physics (2002)
Senior Member: IEEE (2002)
NYSTAR Distinguished Professor of 2003
Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University, Japan (2008)
UB Exceptional Scholar: Sustained Achievement Award (2008)
SUNY Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Scholarship & Creative Activities (2012)

Professional Service (Past & Present)
General Chair, EDISON 20 (The 20th International Conference on Electron Dynamics in Semiconductors, Optoelectronics and Nanostructures)
Member of the Editorial Board, Semiconductor Science and Technology
Member of the Editorial Board, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Member of Fellowship Panel, The Institute of Physics
Member of the IEEE Technical Committee on Nanoelectronics (NTC TC-6)
Member of UW Madison MRSEC External Advisory Board
Service on the program and publication committees of numerous international conferences and workshops
Panel-review member for several NSF programs (EMT, ITR & SBIR)
Journal reviewer for: Applied Physics Letters, Journal of Applied Physics, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology, Physics Letters A, Physical Review B, Physical Review Letters, and Semiconductor Science & Technology
Recent Significant Publications
  • M. Matsunaga, A. Higuchi, G. He, T. Yamada, P. Krüger, Y. Ochiai, Y. Gong, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, J. P. Bird, and N. Aoki, "Nanoscale-barrier formation induced by low-dose electron-beam exposure in ultrathin MoS2 transistors", ACS NANO 10, DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b05952 (2016)
  • G. He, H. Ramamoorthy, C.-P. Kwan, Y.-H. Lee, J. Nathawat, R. Somphonsane, M. Matsunaga, A. Higuchi, T. Yamanaka, N. Aoki, Y. Gong, X. Zhang, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and J. P. Bird, "Thermally-assisted nonvolatile memory in monolayer MoS2
    transistors", Nano Lett. 16, 6445 – 6451 (2016)
  • S. Xiao, Y. Yoon, Y.-H. Lee, J. P. Bird, Y. Ochiai, N. Aoki, J. L. Reno, and J. Fransson, "Detecting weak coupling in mesoscopic systems with a nonequilibrium Fano resonance", Phys. Rev. B 93, 165435 (2016)
  • H. Ramamoorthy, R. Somphonsane, J. Radice, G. He, C.-P. Kwan, and J. P. Bird, ““Freeinggraphene from its substrate: Observing intrinsic velocity saturation with rapid electrical pulsing”, Nano Lett. 16, 399 – 403 (2016)
  • D. K. Ferry, R. Somphonsane, H. Ramamoorthy, and J. P. Bird, "Plasmon-mediated energy relaxation in graphene", Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 262103 (2015)
  • I. Rotter and J. P. Bird, “A review of progress in the physics of open quantum systems: theory and experiment”, Rep. Prog. Phys. 78, 114001 (2015)
  • W. Gao, X. Wang, R. Chen, D. B. Eason, G. Strasser, J. P. Bird, and J. Kono, “Electroluminescence from GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructures in strong in-plane electric fields: Evidence for k- and real-space charge transfer”, ACS Photonics 2, 1155 – 1159 (2015)
  • G. He, K. Ghosh, U. Singisetti, H. Ramamoorthy, R. Somphonsane, G. Bohra, M. Matsunaga, A. Higuchi, N. Aoki, S. Najmaei, Y. Gong, X. Zhang, R. Vajtai, P. M. Ajayan, and J. P. Bird, “Conduction mechanisms in CVD-grown monolayer MoS2 transistors: From variable-range hopping to velocity saturation”, Nano Lett. 15, 5052 – 5058 (2015)
  • C.-P. Kwan, R. Chen, U. Singisetti, and J. P. Bird, Electric-field dependent conduction mechanisms in crystalline chromia”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 112901 (2015)
  • H. Ramamoorthy, R. Somphonsane, G. He, N. Aoki, Y. Ochiai, D. K. Ferry, and J. P. Bird, "Reversing hot-carrier energy relaxation in graphene with a magnetic field", Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 193115 (2014)
  • J. Fransson, M.-G. Kang, Y. Yoon, S. Xiao, Y. Ochiai, J. L. Reno, N. Aoki, and J. P. Bird, "Tuning the Fano resonance with an intruder continuum", Nano Lett. 14, 788 (2014)
  • J. Lee, J. E. Han, S. Xiao, J. Song., J. L. Reno, and J. P. Bird, "Formation of a protected sub-band for conduction in quantum point contacts under extreme biasing", Nature Nanotechnology 9, 101 (2014)
  • R. Somphonsane, H. Ramamoorthy, G. Bohra, G. He, D. K. Ferry, Y. Ochiai, N. Aoki, and J. P. Bird, "Fast energy relaxation of hot carriers near the Dirac point of graphene", Nano Lett. 13, 4305 (2013)
  • T. Kim, R. V. Chamberlin, and J. P. Bird, "Large magnetoresistance of nickel silicide nanowires: Non-equilibrium heating of magnetically-coupled dangling bonds", Nano Lett. 13, 1106 (2013)
  • G. Bohra, R. Somphonsane, N. Aoki, Y. Ochiai, R. Akis, D. K. Ferry, and J. P. Bird, “Nonergodicity and microscopic symmetry breaking of the conductance fluctuations in disordered mesoscopic graphene”, Phys. Rev. B 86, 161405(R) (2012)
  • Z. Chen, T.-Y. Lin, X. Wei, M. Matsunaga, T. Doi, Y. Ochiai, N. Aoki, and J. P. Bird, “The magnetic Y-branch nanojunction: Domain-wall structure and magneto-resistance”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 102403 (2012)
  • G. Bohra, R. Somphonsane, N. Aoki, Y. Ochiai, D. K. Ferry, and J. P. Bird, “Robust mesoscopic fluctuations in disordered
    ”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 093110 (2012)
  • Y. Yoon, M.-G. Kang, T. Morimoto, M. Kida, N. Aoki, J. L. Reno, Y. Ochiai, L. Mourokh, J. Fransson, and J. P. Bird, “Coupling quantum states through a continuum: a mesoscopic multistate Fano resonance”, Phys. Rev. X 2, 021003 (2012)
Journal & Book Editorship
  • Edited the proceedings of several international workshops and conferences: Semiconductor Science and Technology 13 (8A), (1998), Superlattices & Microstructures 27 (5&6), (2000), Physica B 314 (1-4), (2002), Physica E 19 (1-2), (2003), Superlattices & Microstructures 34 (3-6), (2004), Journal of Physics: Conference Series 38, (2006)
  • Editor of the research monograph "Electron Transport in Quantum Dots", Kluwer-Academic, 2004
  • Co-edited (with Sir Michael Pepper) a special issue of the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter on the "0.7 Feature & Interactions in One-Dimensional Systems" (vol. 20, number 16, April 23, 2008)
  • Co-edited (with Robin Kaiser, Ingrid Rotter, and Gunther Wunner) a special issue of Fortschritte der Physik - Progress of Physics on "Quantum physics with non-Hermitian Operators: Theory and Experiment" (vol. 61, numbers 2 - 3, February 2013).
Dr. Alexander D. C. Grassie, 1935 - 2012
My PhD was pursued under the guidance of Dr. Alexander "Sandy" Grassie, of the University of Sussex. Sadly, Sandy passed away in November 2012. After reading physics at the University of Aberdeen, Sandy went on to Queens' College, Cambridge, where he pursued a PhD in experimental low-temperature physics. Following this, in 1962, Sandy became one of the founder members of the physics department at the newly established University of Sussex. He remained there until his retirement in 1990, during which time I had the good fortune and privelege to work as his last PhD student. Sandy was a kind and compassionate educator, who was always committed to supporting his students, both in the classroom and the laboratory, as well as outside of the university. He leaves a legacy of contributions to superconductivity, magnetism, and semiconductor physics, and his philosophy to science and research is carried on by numerous scientists in universities, schools and industry around the word. A more detailed obituary may be found in the Times Educational Supplement. Sandy Grassie
  • J. P. Bird, K. Ishibashi, Y. Ochiai, M. Lakrimi, A. D. C. Grassie, K. M. Hutchings, Y. Aoyagi, and T. Sugano, "Breakdown of correlated diffusion in quasiballistic quantum wires at high magnetic fields", Phys. Rev. B 52, 1793 (1995)
  • S. D. Waddington, P. Weightman, J. A. D. Matthew, and A. D. C. Grassie, "Charge transfer and core-hole screening in PbTe", Phys. Rev. B 39, 10239 (1989)
  • A. D. C. Grassie, K. M. Hutchings, M. Lakrimi, C. T. Foxon, and J. J. Harris, “Shubnikov-de Haas effect in submicron-width GaAs/GaAlAs heterojunction wires”, Phys. Rev. B 36, 4551(R) (1897)
  • He Yusheng and A. D. Grassie, “Temperature-dependent scattering parameter in the Shubnikov-de Haas effect”, Phys. Rev. B 30, 2937 (1984)
  • P. Blood and A. D. C. Grassie, “Optical excitation of defects in molecular beam epitaxy grown GaAs with polarized light”, Phys. Rev. B 27, 2548 (1983)
  • G. A. Swallow, Gwyn Williams, and A. D. C. Grassie, “Properties of the localized-spin-fluctuating system Pt Co. I. Susceptibility and magnetization”, Phys. Rev. B 11, 337 (1975)
  • J. W. Loram, R. J. White, and A. D. C. Grassie, “Spin-fluctuation effects in the resistivity of dilute PtFe alloys”, Phys. Rev. B 5, 3659 (1972)
  • A. D. C. Grassie, G. A. Swallow, Gwyn Williams, and J. W. Loram, "Magnetoresistance in Dilute Pd-Based Alloys", Phys. Rev. B. 3, 4154 (1971)
  • J. W. Loram, A. D. C. Grassie, and G. A. Swallow, “Magnetization of dilute AuFe alloys”, Phys. Rev. B 2, 2760 (1970)
Davis Hall at Dusk
Research Sponsored By:
National Science Foundation Nanoelectronics Research Institute Department of Energy

Page Last Edited: November 23rd, 2016
Images of Davis Hall & Jonathan Bird Courtesy of Doug Levere, University at Buffalo